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When To Seed

Bermuda. Bermuda is a warm season grass which should be seeded when the ground temperature is at least 65 degrees F. A good rule of thumb in West Texas is seed your yard when the farmers begin planting cotton which is usually the end of April or the first of May.

Fescue. Fescue is a cool season grass which should be seeded from March to October. The earlier you seed your yard, the more time it has to become established before the heat of the year sets in. If you seed Fescue in June, July and August, be prepared to water more frequently. This allows the seed to germinate and the young seedlings from drying out.

When To Sod

Keep in mind, Bermuda is a warm season grass and can be sodded from March to October. Fescue can be sodded in the warmer months of the year, but you will need to water more often.

How To Fertilize

When fertilizing new sod or seed it is important to use a low Nitrogen fertilizer. Have you heard neighbors talking about "burning" their yard? That is because Nitrogen is a salt which draws water away from the plant or seed. Sparkman's New Lawn Starter is recommended when fertilizing newly seeded or sodded lawns. Add the fertilizer to the soil before or after the seed or sod has been planted. Remember new seedlings and roots from sod grasses need Phosphorus for root growth. Sparkman's New Lawn Starter should be used until the seedlings have matured or until the sod has substantially rooted.

When To Water

Be careful, you can over water your lawn! Too much water promotes fungus, bacterial growth and can harm new and established lawns. When watering seed (whether Bermuda or Fescue) the ground should remain moist, not soaked. Too much water causes seeds to rot or wash away whereas the lack of water will cause the seed to dry out. Seed should germinate in 7-10 days if properly watered and fertilized.

Use of Herbicides

Herbicides are designed to eliminate or prevent unwanted vegetation. Grass is vegetation. Pre-emergents should not be added to newly seeded or sodded yards because Pre-emergents stop seed germination. Take time to read the label on all herbicides before you apply them to your yard.

Alternative Grasses

Buffalo Grass and St. Augustine. These two types of turf grasses are not as popular in the Lubbock or West Texas area as Bermuda or Fescue. Buffalo Grass is drought tolerant and slow to establish. This grass does not respond well to herbicides. A good way to control noxous weed is to reduce water which suppresses broadleaf weeds.

St. Augustine does not do as well as the other grasses because it is not as cold tolerant. Sparkman's Nursery and area turf farms do not stock St. Augustine.